The first level of printing output: document pre-inspection and processing

1 Purpose and significance of document pre-inspection

Since printing plants or output centers accept a large number of external documents every day, and generally speaking, customers ’original documents are relatively focused on design and visual effects, and generally do not consider the output factors too much, so it is very necessary to set up a document in advance in the prepress output process The quality control link of the inspection will try to excavate and correct the problems that may lead to output errors in the front end. Doing so can provide a standard electronic file for the next step, for RIP, digital proofing, CTF production or CTP plate making. Worry-free output provides protection; at the same time, due to the design, output and printing, it helps to achieve the consistency of the preview performance of the document and the final printing effect.

This article will introduce the method and main content of the file pre-inspection, and explain the conventional software used in printing such as PhotoShop, Illustrator, CorelDraw, FreeHand and PageMaker.

2 File pre-checking method

1) The conventional method firstly looks at whether the software used for the manuscript is suitable for printing and publication, and then opens the file with the original software, and checks by the function of the software itself, and corrects if there is an error in the above content.
2) Special methods can be assisted by other professional pre-check software, such as FlightCheck.

3 Main contents of file pre-check

The main items to be checked in the file pre-check are page size, bleeding, text content, image format, image link, color mode, font, special effects, and overprinting, trapping and other printing factors to be considered. It can be roughly classified as follows:

1) Image category â‘  Whether the image is covered, cropped, invisible or abnormally displayed;
â‘¡ Whether the format of the embedded image is correct and whether it is compressed;
â‘¢ Is there an image in RGB format;
â‘£ Is there a link to the original picture and is the link correct?
⑤ Is the size of EPS and TIFF pictures normal?
â‘¥Whether the embedded image has been rotated, scaled, cropped or complicated post-production effects.

2) Font class â‘  Is it converted to Out line and is there any missing font;
â‘¡Whether there is garbled text;
â‘¢Whether PostScript fonts have Screen Font and Printer Font together;
â‘£Whether the text arrangement is consistent with the design;
⑤Whether the text has shifted.

3) Color class â‘  Whether the filled color has RGB color;
â‘¡ Whether there is a spot color;
â‘¢ Whether the spot color should be converted into process color;
â‘£Whether there is a color that is not needed but is defined;
⑤ Can the gradual treatment meet the requirements.

4) Other categories â‘  Whether the positive dimension of the finished product is consistent with the indicated dimension on the engineering bill;
â‘¡ Whether the bleeding position can meet the requirements;
â‘¢ Whether the line thickness meets the publishing requirements;
â‘£ Have you done an overprint? [next]

4 Software "output trap"

1) PhotoShop
â‘ After editing the picture, without modifying it, you must remove the unused Channel;
â‘¡If there are multiple Layers, all useful Layers must be merged, and unused Layers should be removed.

2) Illustrator
① For the EPS image generated by Illustrator? Check if the text is turned? Is black done for overprinting; Illustrator ’s 100% black is not automatically overprinted, but hollowed out, and you need to select the check mark or fill 100 in the filter / color / black overprint function % Black Overprint;
② In Illustrator, the Output option of the vector graphic attribute should be set to 800 ~ 2540dpi, if it is lower than this value? The edge of the vector graphic will be deformed;
â‘¢ In Illustrator, white fills and lines need to check the Overprint option in the properties. If selected, the image elements will be lost during output;
④In the IIIustrator file, it is necessary to find out whether the layout is based on the layout of the heart or the actual layout: because Illustrator 8.0 only prints the range of valid images in the page, no blank space is printed. If there is no special setting, the file size printed by the software will be different from the page size defined by the customer. For example, an A4-size page has only a 100 mm × 100 mm image, and the finished document is only 100 mm × 100 mm. There are two ways to solve this problem:
a) Add a border that is exactly the same as the page size and the color is set to colorless. The software considers the colorless border to be valid content and will print the file at a normal size, and because the border is colorless, it will not affect Normal image content.
b) Make adjustments when printing PS files. In "Color Separation Settings", the "Border" settings include left, right, top, and bottom. Ensure that "right to left = file width, top to bottom = file height" ", Special attention: If the file does not bleed, the bleeding in the" Color Separation Settings "when printing the PS file must be set to 0 mm. [next]

3) CorelDraw
①Paragraph text containing Chinese and English special characters is prone to problems, such as "■, @, ★, ○", etc .;
â‘¡Use the new standard GBK font library to solve the problem of missing remote characters;
â‘¢For fonts that are too small, it is best not to use more than two colors for overprinting, such as (C10 M30 Y80), etc. Similarly, it is not applicable to reverse white characters on a dark background. In the unavoidable situation, it is necessary to mark the reversed words, and the approximate background color or a printed monochrome (usually black) is applicable;
â‘£Art text can be directly converted to a curve? And the number of nodes of the text after conversion to a curve is controlled within 1500 points; paragraph text should be exported as a curve using wmf format, and then imported, and the color is set to be consistent with the original.
⑤ Some fonts will turn into "hollow characters" after turning into curves, such as italic GB2312, imitation Song GB2312, Handing special black script, Handing beautiful black script, etc., please use with caution. In addition, some places where the English characters turn after the curve will also be hollowed out, also pay attention to;
â‘¥CorelDraw text layout, if the text is copied from WORD or Notepad, double-byte spaces need to be removed (use WORD to find / replace), otherwise it is easy to run out of position;
⑦ Use PSD transparent basemap in CorelDraw, easy to draw white lines, you can first convert the map to bitmap;
⑧Do not do any "operation" after importing the PSD file in CorelDraw, such as: rotation, mirroring, tilting, etc. Due to its transparent mask, the image will be damaged after output; the picture should be transferred to the bitmap again in CorelDraw ;
⑨CorelDraw can use the shading and patterns attached to the software to fill the graphics or as a base map; use to choose the appropriate accuracy? Usually 1.5 to 2.0 times the number of output lines? If the accuracy is too low, the accuracy of the diagram will be too high. Affect the output speed. The selected basemap should pay attention to whether its attribute is CMYK mode? Generally, the filled basemap shading is RGB mode, and it should be converted to four-color mode;
â‘©When there are overprints in CorelDraw files, the overprints cannot be removed completely when the PS is generated without keeping the file overprints, and they need to be manually removed;
⑾ Pay attention to the gradient filling of red → black when filling. After the wrong setting is (M100 → K100), it will be difficult to see in the middle. The correct setting should be like this: (M100 → M100 K100), and so on in other cases;
â‘¿Do not use RGB colors to fill color blocks or lines;
â’€ Don't fill the gradient of the black part too low, such as 5% black, because there is a black overprint option when outputting, black below 10% is usually used instead of overprint, which causes problems. Similarly, use pure light black Be careful;
⒁Single black? K100) Please change the shadow to four colors? C100M100Y100K100, otherwise the shadow of the single black will hollow out other color plates, and it will be very ugly to print out;
â’‚The application of "pattern filling" in CorelDraw, CorelDraw10 / 11/12 is called "pattern filling", after rotating or deforming, the cutting position of the pattern will change, please pay attention to the imposition (the solution is to transfer the picture);
â’ƒSpot colors cannot use pantone process color systemR and pantone hexchromeR coated, because these two spot colors defined will also be converted into four colors. Spot colors cannot be edited for transparency and shadows, otherwise they will be converted to four colors. [next]

4) FreeHand
â‘ Do not put the grayscale image in FreeHand, otherwise there will be a situation where all versions have net or overprint three colors;
â‘¡FreeHand text also needs to turn the curve? Is it possible that the text in a paragraph is not aligned when Chinese and English are mixed?
â‘¢If the text or lines in FreeHand are overprinted, they must be defined before they are placed in other software, otherwise they cannot be overprinted?
â‘£ After setting the path of text transfer in FreeHand, set the fill or border overlay, and then make another path of text transfer, FreeHand will automatically set its fill or border overlay?
⑤ Is the two-color character in the same text block in FreeHand easy to move?
â‘¥ Sometimes the right side of the cropped image along the path in FreeHand will send out the left image?
⑦Heavy option is not available for fonts in FreeHand, easy to paste words?
⑧ In the old version of FreeHand, the white fill and lines need to check the Overprint option in the properties to avoid loss.

5) PageMaker
â‘  It is not possible to shrink a large picture into a small picture. It is very convenient to zoom the picture in the typesetting software, but the cost is multiple or several times the output time, so be sure to set the size and resolution in the image processing software (such as Photoshop). Then put it into the typesetting software?
â‘¡ PageMaker will only send half of the slender Tiff pictures, and try to save the pictures with DCS;
â‘¢ The EPS images in PageMaker cannot be colored, otherwise the color may not be visible on the screen and the color may change;
â‘£If the text entered on the PC is placed in PageMaker, the blanks should be deleted, otherwise garbled characters are likely to appear?
⑤ Chinese font download using bitmap download, easy to lose words or make text symbols go out of place, or make large characters over 30 pounds with jagged edges?
â‘¥Without aligning the page, upper right and lower right of the margin?
⑦The reference line cannot manually give coordinate parameters?
⑧Can't reduce or enlarge the content of the finished page proportionally?
⑨The first indent of the paragraph cannot be achieved by playing four spaces, otherwise the position of the film in some places of the film is not correct after the output, or is there more or less space?
â‘© The glyph effect (bold, double shadow, underline, etc.) that comes with PageMaker, there will be problems such as ghosting or invalidation during output, these effects are best done in other software?
⑾In pageMaker, when setting the color, the color must be named. But if the object imported or copied into the pageMaker file contains colors with the same name in the file, these colors will be replaced by the original colors in the file?
â‘¿PageMaker file link image If there is RGB mode and JPEG compressed EPS file? Both will be output as black and white image. The solution is to convert the RGB mode to CMYK in Photoshop and convert the EPS file compressed with JPEG to normal ASCII or binary EPS?
â’€Forms made with Adobe Table software are difficult to place on the pageMaker page and need to be converted to EPS first. It should be noted that if the EPS file is directly placed in pageMaker, fonts cannot be downloaded, and black is not overprinted. The solution is to use Adobe Illustrator to open the EPS file, convert the text into curves, and overprint the black filled objects and lines, then save and place them in pagemaker.

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