U.S. Handling Waste and Packaging Containers

Waste treatment measures with good results J. W. Dr. Bauter, as the leader of the US Waste Countermeasures Center, is a famous waste disposal expert. Not long ago, he conducted a comprehensive evaluation of the current state of waste disposal in the United States and the policy on the reduction of packaging containers and materials. Many waste disposal experts believe that the government’s recycling policy over the past decade has been an important guarantee and reason for waste management. Now, Dr. Bauter believes that the achievements of the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) should be summarized as follows: In addition to the already achieved target of 25% recycling, there are the following three comprehensive policy results:
1. Extensive regulatory measures and systems have been implemented in the solid waste incineration treatment of landfill sites and local governments;
2. The reduction in the weight of packaging containers and products, which is reflected in the beverage industry, has contributed greatly to the improvement and lightening of containers, transportation methods and materials;
3. Due to the improvement of the removal of harmful substances in waste disposal work, the result is a well-balanced result of 25% recycling, 54% landfill disposal, and 19% incineration treatment for all wastes in the entire U.S. year).
The comprehensive waste disposal policy adopted by the U.S. government in the past ten years should be said to be very effective in view of the fact that the waste occurrence rate has been reduced. Statistics show that in 1980, the total population of the United States was 227 million people, and the amount of waste generated was 152 million tons, and the per capita annual output of waste was 0.67 tons; by 1990, the population had increased to 250 million people, and the waste was abandoned. The amount of materials has also increased rapidly to 205 million tons, and the per capita annual amount of waste generated has also increased to 0.82 tons. However, despite the increase in population in 1997, the amount of waste generated did not increase, and it remained at 217 million tons. It can be confirmed that the waste disposal policy adopted by the government in the 1990s has been effectively working.
Types of wastes and their treatment methods The total amount and composition of solid waste generated in the United States are shown in Attached Table 1. As shown in the types and composition ratios of the wastes in the First Schedule, they are a mixture of various materials and contain various wastes other than packaging containers. In fact, among these wastes, the relevant packaging containers account for the highest proportion of 33%. Now, these wastes are landfilled and incinerated - some of which are used for power generation, but also recycled and recycled - some are composted. In addition, the EPA has also implemented measures to promote the thorough disposal of these wastes and to promote waste disposal after reducing waste disposal.
There are now approximately 2,300 sites in the United States for landfill disposal. Dr. Bauter pointed out that EPA has developed strict landfill regulations to manage and operate in this process. Although there seems to be a lot of processing facilities, it is definitely not much more. In the early 1980s, a small waste bin (waste bin) called “OpeuChup” was not only kept in the wild and was in poor management, but also needed to include landfill facilities and more than 1,000 place. After entering the mid-1980s, as a part of waste management measures, a strategic reorganization was carried out and large-scale well-managed waste-disposal plant facilities were replaced.
About a decade ago, the United States began implementing waste recycling and recycling measures in a wide range of daily operations. In the United States, there are approximately 9,000 recycling organizations and 4,000 compression processing plants in the country. Thousands of waste recycling centers and cutting scraps and scrap processors are actively working.
The recycling and utilization of the United States' cool beverage industry is shown in Exhibit 2 and has achieved excellent results. At the same time, facilities for converting waste into energy have also increased dramatically over the past decade. At present, although 103 facilities have been used throughout the United States, 70% of them are concentrated in 8 states, including Florida and New York. Due to the high groundwater level in Florida, landfills are difficult to handle, so their capacity to convert to energy is twice that of other states, and they are also leaders in the conversion of waste into energy.
Now, by converting waste into energy, this alone can save about 30 million barrels of oil each year in the United States, and can supply 2.4 million households with electricity.
Improvements in resource saving for packaging containers Recent efforts to save resources have contributed to the reduction of pollution and material consumption in the manufacturing process. At the same time, adopting appropriate packaging has also made better progress in suppressing the deterioration of food quality and reducing resource consumption. The specific conditions are shown in Exhibit 3.
Although the population will continue to increase in the future, it is estimated that the amount of waste generated will also increase accordingly. However, there is still room for improvement in the packaging industry for the industry, especially for the beverage industry, in order to improve the environment and protect the environmental conditions. Through the professional design and the continuous development of research on packaging containers, new creative ideas will continue to emerge in the future to bring more innovative developments in waste disposal and packaging. .
Table 1 Occurrence and Constituent Ratio of Occurrence of Various Wastes in the United States (Million Million) Composition Ratio (% by Weight)
Paper and corrugated boxes 83.8 38.6
Building materials waste 27.7 12.8
Food 21.9 10.1
Plastics 21.5 9 .9
Glass class 12.0 5 .5
Wire Metal 12.5 5 .7
Cloth, fiber 82.2 3.8
Rubber and Leather 66.6 3.0
Aluminum 30.0 1.4
Other waste 84.4 3.9
Total 217.0 100 .0
Table 2 Recycling Utilization of Packaging Containers in the United States (1998)
Recovery utilization (%)
Corrugated cardboard box 69
Aluminum cans 56
Steel tanks (iron cans) 56
Newspaper 56
Business Paper 52
Construction Waste 44
Plastic bottle 34
Glass containers 27
Table 3 Overview of the lightweighting of different packaging containers 1980 1980
2 litre PET bottle 65g) 48g)
Aluminum can 19 14
Glass bottles 255 170
Steel and soup cans 48 36
236 ml milk cartons 14 10
Plastic food and grocery pouches 9 6

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